Rates

Income tax applies to the amount of income after deduction of personal allowances.

Income is taxed in a specific order with savings and dividend income taxed last.

Dividend income and savings income falling within the dividend and savings allowances still form part of total income of an individual.

There is also a starting rate band (SRB) of £5,000 which is only applicable to savings income. The band is not available if the taxable amount of non-savings income exceeds the SRB.

Scottish resident taxpayers are liable on non-savings and non-dividend income as set out below. Savings income and dividend income are taxed using UK tax rates and bands.

Income tax is devolved to Wales. Welsh resident taxpayers continue to pay the same overall income tax rates using the UK rates and bands. The total rate of income tax = UK income tax + Welsh rate of income tax.

Savings income and dividend income are taxed using UK tax rates and bands.

2022/23:

Type
Band of taxable income (£)
Rate (%)
Rate if dividends (%)

Basic rate

0 – 37,700

20

8.75

Higher rate

37,701 – 150,000

40

33.75

Additional rate

Up front

45

39.35

For Scottish residents the following bands apply for non-savings and non-dividend income:

Type
Band of taxable income (£)
Rate (%)

Starter rate

0 – 2,162

19

Basic rate

2,163 – 13,118

20

Intermediate rate

13,119 – 31,092

21

Higher rate

31,093 – 150,000

41

Top rate

Over 150,000

46

For Welsh residents the following bands apply for non-savings and non-dividend income:

Band of taxable income (£)
UK Rate (%)
Welsh Rate (%)
Overall Rate (%)

0 – 37,700

10

10

20

37,701 – 150,000

30

10

40

Over 150,000

35

10

45

There are special rates for savings and dividend income falling into above bands of taxable income.

Savings Allowance:

Band of taxpayer
Amount (£)
Rate (%)

Basic rate

1,000

0

Higher rate

500

0

Additional rate

0

N/A

Dividend Allowance:

Band of taxpayer
Amount (£)
Rate (%)

All

2,000

0

2021/22:

Type
Band of taxable income (£)
Rate (%)
Rate if dividends (%)

Basic rate

0 – 37,700

20

7.5

Higher rate

37,701 – 150,000

40

32.5

Additional rate

Over 150,000

45

38.1

For Scottish residents the following bands apply for non-savings and non-dividend income:

Type
Band of taxable income (£)
Rate (%)

Starter rate

0 – 2,097

19

Basic rate

2,098 – 12,726

20

Intermediate rate

12,727 – 31,092

21

Higher rate

31,093 – 150,000

41

Top rate

Over 150,000

46

For Welsh residents the following bands apply for non-savings and non-dividend income:

Band of taxable income (£)
UK Rate (%)
Welsh Rate (%)
Overall Rate (%)

0 – 37,700

10

10

20

37,701 – 150,000

30

10

40

Over 150,000

35

10

45

There are special rates for savings and dividend income falling into above bands of taxable income.

Savings Allowance:

Band of taxpayer
Amount (£)
Rate (%)

Basic rate

1,000

0

Higher rate

500

0

Additional rate

0

N/A

Dividend Allowance:

Band of taxpayer
Amount (£)
Rate (%)

All

2,000

0

Allowances

A personal allowance gives an individual an annual amount of income free from income tax.

Income above the personal allowances is subject to income tax.

The personal allowance will be reduced if an individual's 'adjusted net income' is above £100,000. The allowance is reduced by £1 for every £2 of income above £100,000.

An individual born before 6 April 1935 may be entitled to a married couple's allowance but this is reduced if 'adjusted net income' is above the married couple's allowance income limit (see table below).

Marriage allowance – 10% of the personal allowance may be transferable between certain spouses where neither pays tax above the basic rate. The Marriage allowance is not available to couples entitled to the Married Couple's allowance.

Personal Allowance

Allowances
2022/23 (£)
2021/22 (£)

Personal Allowance

12,570

12,570

Marriage allowance

1,260

1,260

Blind person's allowance

£2,600 (2021/22: £2,520)

Married couple's allowance

Either partner born before 6th April 1935.

Reduction in tax bill
2022/23 (£)
2021/22 (£)

Maximum

12,570

12,570

Minimum

364.00

353.00

Age allowance income limit 1

31,400

30,400

Note: 1. Reduce married couples allowance by £1 for every £2 of 'adjusted net income' above this limit.

Get in touch

If you are in the Lancashire area and are looking for support and advice from a team of professional accountants and business advisers, contact Coates & Co.

Coates & Co

2 Fairhope Avenue

Bare

Morecambe

Lancashire LA4 6JZ


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